Preserving nature in all its diversity with minimum disturbance by human activities and protecting endangered species like tiger and elephant is indeed a challenging task. A lot more effort goes into protecting unique landscapes like Corbett than most people think. A limited staff of 400-odd permanent employees assisted by a temporary force of labourers works under tough conditions throughout the year to achieve this goal. Management involves many concurrent activities that keep the Corbett staff more than occupied throughout the year.
Nature has gifted us with many benevolent features that nourish nature and heal naturally. So what our responsibilities to this glorious planet? This has become one of the great moral questions of our time. Protecting and preserving our valuable natural resources in all its diversity with minimum disturbance by human activities and saving the endangered species like tiger and elephant is really a challenging task for us. On April 01, 1973 project tiger; the biggest conservation initiative of its time was launched in Corbett National Park. Since then a lot of efforts has been made in protecting the unique landscape of Corbett. One major hindrance in this task is the limited staff of 400 - odd permanent employees assisted by a temporary force of laborers who work under tough condition to achieve this goal. Apart from this higher management level is also involved and hence many concurrent activities happen that that keep the Corbett Staff more than occupied throughout the year.It is a matter of pride that today; Corbett National Park is one of our best preserved parks, with a healthy population of 164 Royal Bengal Tigers and over 600 elephants.
As per the study of Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) the greatest enemy of the forest is fire. The probability of catching the fire in the summer increases as the forests ground is covered with dry leaves that readily catches fire and burn at the slightest spark. Sometimes human activity is also plays a major role in spreading forest fires. Once the forest catches the fire it spreads quickly and develops into an uncontrollable inferno, causing death to many wildlife. In 2008 forest fire destroyed the core area that is home to a variety of wild animals. The flames had engulfed the southern part of the jungle which forms the core area and near about 58 acres of the jungle was destroyed. (Source: The Telegraph, May 04-2008). Since then over the entire summer season the park authority staffs are on their toes and as soon as fire is detected, they immediately launch the fire fighting operations to minimize the loss. Every safety measures are kept ready and fire-lines are maintained in the forest to stop such incidents.
Taking safety measures park management burs the leaf litter artificially in winters before the dry season starts. This also promotes the growth of fresh grass that is necessary for deer and other grazing animals.
An exotic weed also causes damage to the natural ecosystem of the park. Weeds such as Parthenium and Lantana have invaded the park and wiped out the native plants of the forest that is much valuable food for herbivore animals. So forest departments also carry our weed eradication method to restore the habitats.